Standard Ultrasound – Traditional ultrasound exam which uses a transducer over the abdomen to generate 2-D images of the developing fetus .
Advanced Ultrasound – This exam is similar to the standard ultrasound, but the exam targets a suspected problem and uses more sophisticated equipment.
The timing of certain tests, the monitoring of the baby's growth, and the correct diagnosis of premature labor, or being truly "overdue," (postdates), as well as many other situations that arise in the course of a typical pregnancy, all depend on a correct determination of the EDC for appropriate management.
In the past, the EDC was calculated by using Naegele's Rule, which determined the date by subtracting 3 months from the 1st day of the last period and then adding 7 days.
It is not uncommon for babies that are labeled “Large for Gestational Age (LGA)” and “Intra Uterine Growth Restriction (IUGR)” to have monthly or even weekly ultrasounds during the pregnancy.
When an ultrasound is performed, measurements of the head, abdomen, thigh, and amount of amniotic fluid are done.
Pregnancy is dated from the first day of the last menstrual period, so at four weeks, a woman is just due for a menstrual period.In fact, when a woman who has very regular, "textbook" 28 day cycles presents for prenatal care, this often turns out to be the correct EDC more often than not.Other information used to calculate the gestational age, or the number of weeks and days from the first day of the last menstrual period (LMP), includes the size of the uterus on pelvic bimanual examination.A transducer, a wand-shaped probe, is inserted into the vagina and pressed against the vaginal walls directly next to the uterus.It records high-frequency sound waves that create an image (see Reference 4).